kathaṁ jñānamavāpnoti kathaṁ muktirbhaviṣyati
vairāgyaṁ ca kathaṁ prāptaṁ etad brūhi mama prabho
Janaka said : How can knowledge be acquired? How can liberation be attained? How is dispassion possible? Tell me this, O Lord.
muktiṁ icchasi cettāta viṣayān viṣavattyaja
kṣamārjavadayātoṣasatyaṁ pīyūṣavad bhaja
Ashtavakra said: If you aspire liberation, my child, shun the objects of the senses as poison. Practise forgiveness, sincerity, compassion, contentment and truthfulness as nectar.
na prthvī na jalam nāgnirna vāyurdyaurna vā bhavān
esām sāksinamātmānam cidrūpam viddhi muktaye
You are neither Earth, nor water, nor fire, nor air nor even ether. In order to attain liberation, know the Self as the witness of all these and as Consciousness itself.
yadi dehaṁ pṛthak kṛtya citi viśrāmya tiṣṭhasi
adhunaiva sukhī śānto bandhamukto bhaviṣyasi
If you see yourself as distinct from the body and rest in Consciousness, you will at once be happy, peaceful and free from bondage
na tvaṁ viprādiko varṇo nāśramī nākṣagocaraḥ
asaṅgo’si nirākāro viśvasākṣī sukhī bhava
You do not belong to the Brahmin or any other caste, or to any dharma (Four dharmas are Brahmacharya, Grahasthya, Vanaprastha, Sanyasa). You are not perceived by the senses. You are Unattached, formless and the witness of all. Be happy.
dharmādharmau sukhaṁ duḥkhaṁ mānasāni na te vibho
na kartāsi na bhoktāsi mukta evāsi sarvadā
Righteousness and unrighteousness, pleasure and pain are of the mind, not of you, O all-pervading one. You are neither the doer nor the enjoyer. Verily you are ever free.
eko draṣṭāsi sarvasya muktaprāyo’si sarvadā
ayameva hi te bandho draṣṭāraṁ paśyasītaram
You are the one seer of everything, and are always ever free. The cause of your bondage is that you see yourself not as the seer but as something other than this.
nāhaṁ karteti viśvāsāmṛtaṁ pītvā sukhī bhava
You who have been bitten by the black serpant of egoism ‘I am the doer’, drink nectar of the faith, “I am not the doer”, and be happy.
eko viśuddhabodho’haṁ iti niścayavahninā
prajvālyājñānagahanaṁ vītaśokaḥ sukhī bhava
Burn down the forest of ignorance with the fire of Knowledge “I am the the One and Pure Consciousness”, and be free from sorrow and be happy.
yatra viśvamidaṁ bhāti kalpitaṁ rajjusarpavat
ānandaparamānandaḥ sa bodhastvaṁ sukhaṁ bhava
You are that Consciousness, Bliss – Supreme Bliss, in and upon which this Universe appears superimposed, like a snake on a rope. Be Happy.
muktābhimānī mukto hi baddho baddhābhimānyapi
kiṁvadantīha satyeyaṁ yā matiḥ sā gatirbhavet
He who considers himself free is free, and he who considers himself bound remains bound. ‘As one thinks so one becomes’ is a saying in the world, and it is quite true.
ātmā sākṣī vibhuḥ pūrṇa eko muktaścidakriyaḥ
asaṁgo niḥspṛhaḥ śānto bhramātsaṁsāravāniva
The Self is witness, all pervading, perfect, One, free, Consciousness, actionless, unattached, dersireless and quiet. Due to illusion it appears as if It is of the world.
kūṭasthaṁ bodhamadvaitamātmānaṁ paribhāvaya
ābhāso’haṁ bhramaṁ muktvā bhāvaṁ bāhyamathāntaram
Meditate on the Atman as motionless, Consciousness and non dual, giving up the external and internal self modifications.
dehābhimānapāśena ciraṁ baddho’si putraka
bodho’haṁ jñānakhaṁgena taḥnikṛtya sukhī Bhava
My child, You have long been trapped in the noose of identification with the body. Sever it with the sword of knowledge “I am Consciousness”, and be happy.
niḥsaṁgo niṣkriyo’si tvaṁ svaprakāśo niraṁjanaḥ
ayameva hi te bandhaḥ samādhimanutiṣṭhati
You are unattached, actionless, self-effulgent and Without any blemish. The cause of your bondage is that you are trying to quieten the mind.
tvayā vyāptamidaṁ viśvaṁ tvayi protaṁ yathārthataḥ
śuddhabuddhasvarūpastvaṁ mā gamaḥ kṣudracittatām
You pervade this Universe and this Universe exists in you. You are pure consciousness by nature. Do not be small-minded.
nirapekṣo nirvikāro nirbharaḥ śītalāśayaḥ
agādhabuddhirakṣubdho bhava cinmātravāsanaḥ
You are unconditioned, changeless, formless, of cool disposition, of unfathomable intelligence and unperturbed. Desire Consciousness alone.
sākāramanṛtaṁ viddhi nirākāraṁ tu niścalam
etattattvopadeśena na punarbhavasaṁbhavaḥ
Recognise that the apparent is unreal, while the unmanifest is abiding. Through this instruction you will escape from getting trapped in cycle of birth again.
yathaivādarśamadhyasthe rūpe’ntaḥ paritastu saḥ
tathaivā’smin śarīre’ntaḥ paritaḥ parameśvaraḥ
Just as a mirror exists within and without the image reflected in it, so the Supreme Self exists within and outside this body.
ekaṁ sarvagataṁ vyoma bahirantaryathā ghaṭe
nityaṁ nirantaraṁ brahma sarvabhūtagaṇe tathā
Just as one and the same all-pervading space exists within and without a jar, so the eternal, everlasting God exists in the totality of things.