In a humorous yet profound way, Rishi Vidyadharji gave numerous precious tips to walk on the path of happiness and freedom.
Some of the things told by Rishiji were so subtle that those might be bit difficult to understand for someone who is a novice to ‘Art of living’ or has no exposure to ‘Ayurveda’ and ‘Patanjali Yoga Sutras’. However if these precious knowledge bits are not shared here, this series of articles will be incomplete.
Ayurveda, Patanjali Yoga Sutras & Sadhana
Rishiji revealed the underlying connection between the ‘Patanjali Yoga Sutras’, ‘Ayurveda’ and the daily practices (‘Sadhana’ ) as taught in the Art of Living’s ‘Happiness Course’.
The ‘Patanjali Yoga Sutras’ deal with the mind, different modulations of the mind (Chitta-vritti), and the ways to overcome these modulations (Chitta-vritti nirodah). ‘Patanjali Yoga Sutras’ tell that Yoga is nothing but overcoming the different modulations of the mind – “Yogas chitta-vritti-nirodhah”.
Maharshi Patanjali has enumerated five different modulations of mind. These five modulations are:
- Pramana (Proof): Mind wants proof for everything. Proof is connected to logic. Logic is very limited in its purview. Logic is applicable only in the field of known. All profound things in life are beyond logic. Love is beyond logic. Existence is beyond logic. The ‘Self’ is beyond any logic or proof.
- Viparyaya (Wrong knowledge): Vipryaya is looking at situations/ people through colored glasses of past experiences, concepts, ideas and feelings. Thinking that a rope lying on the road is a snake is Vipryaya. Vipryaya gives wrong understanding of the truth (Mithya Gyana).
- Vikalpa (Mere words having no reality): It is a sort of hallucination or fantasy. These are only words in mind with no associated reality. All our imagination is nothing but Vikalpa.
- Smruti (Memory): Smruti means remembering the past experiences.
- Nidra (Sleep): Nidra is deep sleep.
Mind is caught up any one of the above five modulations or a combination of these modulations. There is no sixth modulation. A mind devoid of any of above modulations is a mind which is dissolved in the ‘Self’. The word ‘Yoga’ is derived from Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’ which means to unite or to integrate. ‘Yoga’ means to unite with the ‘Self’.
As explained by Rishiji, “Happiness is a result of moving towards the ‘Self’ and unhappiness is result of moving away from the ‘Self”. So, Yoga or uniting with the ‘Self’ results in unblemished pure happiness.
The literal translation of word ‘Ayurveda’ means ‘the science of life’. It is an ancient Indian system of natural and holistic way of healthy living. Ayurveda says that overall health depends upon balance of the tri-doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) in the body. Ayurveda also tells that the root cause of many diseases lies in toxins created in the body due to undigested food. These toxins are called as ‘Aama’. ‘Aama’ is a result of low digestive fire (Agni-mandya).
Rishi Vidyadharji beautifully explained how the Vata, Pitta, Kapha and Aama affect the different modulations of mind (Chitta-Vritti) and vice versa. Food we eat directly affects the balance of Vata, Pitta and Kapha as well as creation of Aama. Thus food, body and the mind all are related to each other.
Rishiji also revealed the subtle connection between Sadhana, modulations of the mind and Vata, Pitta, Kapha & Aama.
Warm-up, stretching exercises and Asanas: These help to overcome the inertia, dullness and lethargy (Tamao-guna ).
Three Stage Pranayama: Three stage Pranayama helps to overcome Rajo-guna or excessive activity of the mind. It helps to balance the tri-doshas. (Balancing of Vata, Pitta & Kapha )
- First stage of Pranayama – First stage of Pranayama directs the subtle life force energy (Prana) to lower parts of body below naval region. First stage Pranayama balances the Vata-dosha. Even though Vata affects all the body parts, the primary seat or domain of the Vata is in the lower part of the body. Vata is responsible for movement on a gross as well as subtle level in the body. On subtle level Vata is associated with movement of the mind in the past and future. During first stage of pranayama, if you are able to observe your mind (without interference) you will see that, during this period the mind is mostly concerned about security related issues (i.e. future) or otherwise brooding over some past incidence. When the mind gets caught up in the past or future, it is looking at the reality through colored glasses of past experiences or future anxieties. This is nothing but the modulation of mind called as ‘Viparyaya’. First stage of Pranayama is helpful for bringing the mind in present moment and for overcoming the vritti of ‘Viparyaya’.
- Second stage of Pranayama – Second stage pranayama directs Prana to the abdomen and lungs. Second stage of Pranayama balances the Pitta–dosha. The primary seat or location of Pitta in the body is in the middle portion of body. On a subtle level Pitta is associated with anger, thirst, jealousy, hatred or in-short all our cravings and aversions. During second stage of Pranayama, you will see that your mind is busy either thinking about some person or situation you like or dislike. This is the time when mind gets caught up in thinking about matters close to the heart. Cravings, aversions, likes & dislikes are mere words in mind and have no physical existence as such. Being caught up in cravings and aversions, likes and dislikes is nothing but modulation of mind called as ‘Vikalpa’. Second stage pranayama is useful for overcoming ‘Vikalpa’.
- Third stage of Pranayama – The third stage of Pranayama directs Prana to throat and head. Third stage balances the Kapha-dosha. The primary seat of Kapha in the body is in the throat, head and sinuses or upper part of body. On gross level Kapha is associated with inertia or heaviness. On subtle level Kapha is associated with attachment, greed, possessiveness and the tendency of the memory to hold on to negativity. Third stage of Pranayama reduces this attachment and tendency of mind to hold on to negativity. It helps us to overcome the modulation of mind called ‘Smruti’.
Bhastrika Pranayama: Prana flows through the subtle energy channels (or Nadis) in the body. These channels get clogged due to ‘Aama’ or the toxins created by undigested food. Accumulation of ‘Aama’ reduces the natural energy flow in the body leading to many diseases. Bhastrika Pranayama clears these subtle energy channels to increase the flow of Prana. On the level of mind, ‘Aama’ is responsible for creation of doubts (Samshaya). A doubting mind wants proofs for everything. Doubting mind gets caught up in the modulation of mind called as ‘Pramana’. Bhastrika Pranayama helps to liberate the mind from clutches of doubts (Samshaya). Bhastrika Pranayama increases Prana level and helps us to get established in Satava guna.
Sudarshan Kriya®: Sudarshan Kriya is a powerful yet simple rhythmic breathing technique that incorporates specific natural rhythms of the breath, harmonizing the body, mind and the emotions. Sudarshan Kriya cleanses the whole body-mind complex, releases deep rooted stresses and rejuvenates each and every cell of the body. It makes the person more natural, free and happy. Regular practice of Sudarshan Kriya followed by Meditation helps us to get established easily in the fourth state of consciousness called as Turiya-avastha or the state of being one with the ‘Self’. This is the state of pure bliss and happiness.
I realized that the ‘Sadhana’, as taught in Art of Living’s Happiness Course is designed so beautifully that it takes care of physical, mental and spiritual health of the individual. It pulls the individual out from ‘Tamo guna’ and ‘Rajo guna’ and helps him to get established in ‘Satva guna’. It balances the ‘tri-doshas’ in the body resulting in both physical and mental well-being. It cleanses the toxins (Aama) from the body thereby reducing the chances of future ailments. It increases the Prana level in body, making the individual more confident. It releases the mind from the clutches of five modulations (Chitta-Vritti) of the mind. Sudarshan Kriya releases the deep rooted stresses, rejuvenates each and every cell of the body and harmonizes the different levels of existence. Sudarshan Kriya with Meditation helps one to get established in the ‘Self’ and helps to realize one’s true potential. With this knowledge, my commitment towards my own ‘Sadhana’ grew manyfold. I once again realized that this is the most precious gift given by Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar ji to humanity. My heart was filled with love and gratitude for everything I received during these seven days of bliss with Rishi Vidyadharji
II Jai Guru Dev I|