Ashtavakra Gita.

janaka uvāca

hantātmajñānasya dhīrasya khelato bhogalīlayā
na hi sasāravāhīkairmūhai saha samānatā

Janaka: Oh, the wise man, the knower of the Self, who plays the game of life bears no resemblance whatever to deluded beasts of burden of the world.


yat pada prepsavo dīnā śakrādyā sarvadevatā
aho tatra sthito yogī na haramupagacchati

Truly the yogi does not feel elated even at being established in that state which Indra and all other Gods hanker after and thus become unhappy


tajjñasya puyapāpābhyā sparśo hyantarna jāyate
na hyākāśasya dhūmena dśyamānāpi sagati

Surely the heart of the one who has known the Self is untouched by virtue and vice, just as the sky is not touched by smoke, even though it appears to be.


ātmaiveda jagatsarva jñāta yena mahātmanā
yadcchayā vartamāna ta nieddhu kameta ka

Who can prevent the great-souled person, who has known this Entire Universe to be the Self alone, from acting spontaneously?


ābrahmastabaparyante bhūtagrāme caturvidhe
vijñasyaiva hi sāmarthyamicchānicchāvivarjane

Of all four categories of beings, from Brahma down to a clump of grass, it is the wise one alone who is capable of renouncing craving and aversion.


ātmānamadvaya kaścijjānāti jagadīśvaram
yad vetti tatsa kurute na bhaya tasya kutracit

Rare is the man who knows the Self as One without a second  and as Lord of the Universe.  He does what he considers worth doing and is not afraid of anything.

Ashtavakra Gita.

janaka uvāca

ākāśavadananto’ha ghaavat prākta jagat
iti jñāna tathaitasya na tyāgo na graho laya

Janaka said: I am unbounded like space, and the phenomenal world is like a jar; this is knowledge. It has neither to be renounced, nor accepted nor destroyed.


mahodadhirivāha sa prapaco vīcisa’nnibha
iti jñāna tathaitasya na tyāgo na graho laya

I am like the ocean, and the multiplicity of objects is comparable to a wave;  this is Knowledge. It has neither to be renounced, nor accepted nor destroyed.


aha sa śuktisakāśo rūpyavad viśvakalpanā
iti jñāna tathaitasya na tyāgo na graho laya

I am like the mother of pearl, and the imagined world is like the silver; this is Knowledge. It has neither to be renounced, nor accepted nor destroyed.


aha vā sarvabhūteu sarvabhūtānyatho mayi
iti jñāna tathaitasya na tyāgo na graho laya

I am indeed in all beings, and all beings are in me. This is Knowledge. It has neither to be renounced, nor accepted nor destroyed

Ashtavakra Gita.

janaka uvāca

mayyanatamahābhodhau viśvapota itastata
bhramati svātavātena na mamāstyasahiṣṇutā

Janaka said: In the infinite ocean of myself the world boat drifts here and there, impelled by the wind of its own inner nature. I am not impatient.


mayyanatamahābhodhau jagadvīci svabhāvata
udetu vāstamāyātu na me vddhirna ca kati

In me, the limitless ocean, let the wave of the world rise or vanish of itself. I neither increase nor decrease thereby.


mayyanatamahābhodhau viśva nāma vikalpanā
atiśāto nirākāra etadevāhamāsthita

In me, the boundless ocean, is the imagination of the universe. I am supremely peaceful and formless. In this alone do I abide.


nātmā bhāveu no bhāvastatrānante nirajane
ityasakto’spha śānta etadevāhamāstita

My true nature is not contained in objects, nor does any object exist in it, for it is infinite and spotless. It is tranquil and free from attachment and desire. In this alone do I abide.


aho cinmātramevāha indrajālopama jagat”
iti mama katha kutra heyopādeyakalpanā

Truly, I am Consciousness itself. The world is like a juggler’s show. So how and where can there be any thought of rejection and acceptance in me?

Ashtavakra Gita.

aṣṭāvakra uvāca

tadā bandho yadā citta kincid vāchati śocati
kicin mucati gṛṇhāti kicid dṛṣyati kupyati

Ashtavakra said: Bondage is when the mind desires or grieves for anything, rejects or accepts anything, feels happy or angry at anything.


tadā muktiryadā citta na vāchati na śocati
na mucati na gṛṇhāti na hṛṣyati na kupyati

Liberation is attained when the mind does not desire or grieve or reject or accept or feel happy or angry.


tadā bandho yadā citta sakta kāśvapi dṛṣṭiu
tadā moko yadā cittamasakta sarvadṛṣṭiu

Bondage is when the mind is attached to any sense experience. Liberation is when the mind is detached from all sense experiences.


yadā nāha tadā moko yadāha bandhana tadā
matveti helayā kicinmā ga vimuca mā

When there is no “I” that is liberation, and when there is “I” there is bondage. Considering thus, refrain from accepting or rejecting anything.

Ashtavakra Gita.

aṣṭāvakra uvāca

ktākte ca dvandvāni kadā śāntāni kasya vā
eva jñātveha nirvedād bhava tyāgaparo’vratī

Ashtavakra said:  Duties done and not done, as well as the pairs of opposites – when do they cease and for whom? Knowing thus, be desireless and intent on renunciation through complete indifference to the world.


kasyāpi tāta dhanyasya lokaceṣṭāvalokanāt
jīvitecchā bubhukā ca bubhutsopaśama gatā

Rare indeed, my child, is the lucky person whose observation desire for life, enjoyment and learning have been extinguished by observing the ways of the men.


anitya sarvameveda tāpatrayadūitam
asara nindita heyamiti niścitya śāmyati

The wise man becomes calm by relaising that all this is impermanent and vitiated by the threefold misery and is unsubstantial and omtemptible and should be rejected.


ko’sau kālo vaya ki vā yatra dvandvāni no nṛṇām
tānyupekya yathāprāptavartī siddhimavāpnuyāt

When was that age or time of life when the dualism of extremes did not exist for men? Abandoning them, one who is content with whatever comes of itself  attains perfection.


nā mata maharīā sādhūnā yoginā tathā
dṛṣṭvā nirvedamāpanna ko Ena śāmyati mānava

Who does not attain peace and indifference to learning when he has seen the differences of opinions among the great sages, saints and yogis?


ktvā mūrtiparijñāna caitanyasya na ki guru
nirvedasamatāyuktyā yastārayati saste

Is he not a guru who, endowed with dispassion and equanimity, gains full knowledge of the nature of Pure Consciousness, and saves himself from the round of birth and rebirth.


paśya bhūtavikārāstva bhūtamātrān yathārthata
tatkaād bandhanirmukta svarūpastho bhaviyasi

If you would just see the transformations of the elements as nothing more than the elements, then you would at once be free from all bonds and abide in your true self.


vāsanā eva sasāra iti sarvā vimuca tā
tattyāgo vāsanātyāgātsthitiradya yathā tathā

Desires alone are the world. Knowing this, therefore, renounce them. The renunciation of desire is the renunciation of world . Now you may live anywhere.

Ashtavakra Gita.

aṣṭāvakra uvāca

vihāya vairia kāmamartha cānarthasakulam
dharmamapyetayorhetu sarvatrādara kuru

Ashtavakra said: Abandoning desire – the enemy, along with gain, (full of mischief), and good deeds which are the cause of the other two – practice indifference to everything.


svapnendrajālavat paśya dināni trīi paca vā
mitraketradhanāgāradāradāyādisapada

Look upon friends, lands, money, property, wife, and bequests as nothing but a dream or a juggler’s show lasting only a few days.


yatra yatra bhavettṛṣṇā sasāra viddhi tatra vai
prauhavairāgyamāśritya vītatṛṣṇa sukhī Bhava

Wherever a desire occurs, see the world in it. Establishing yourself in firm dispassion, go beyond desire and be happy.


tṛṣṇāmātrātmako bandhastannāśo moka ucyate
bhavāsasaktimātrea prāptituṣṭirmuhurmuhu

The essential nature of bondage is nothing other than desire, and the destruction of desire is known as liberation. Only by non-attachment to the world does one attain the costant joy of realization of the Self.


tvamekaścetana śuddho jaa viśvamasattathā
avidyāpi na kicitsā kā bubhutsā tathāpi te

You are One, Pure Intelligence. The universe is non-intelligent and unreal. Ignorance also is no real entity. What can you yet desire to know?


rājya sutā kalatrāi śarīrāi sukhāni ca
sasaktasyāpi naṣṭāni tava janmani janmani

Kingdoms, children, wives, bodies and  pleasures -have all been lost to you, life after life, even though you were attached to them.


alamarthena kāmena suktenāpi karmaā
ebhya sasārakāntāre na viśrāntamabhūn mana

Enough of prosperity, sensuality and pious deeds! The mind did not find repose in these in the dreary forest of the world.


kta na kati janmāni kāyena manasā girā
dukhamāyāsada karma tadadyāpyuparamyatām

For how many births have you not done hard and painful labour with body, mind and speech. Now at last stop!

Ashtavakra Gita.

aṣṭāvakra uvāca

bhāvābhāvavikāraśca svabhāvāditi niścayī
nirvikāro gatakleśa sukhenaivopaśāmyati

Ashtavakra said: He who has realized that change in the form of existence and destruction is in the nature of things, easily finds repose, being unperturbed and free from pain.


īśvara sarvanirmātā nehānya iti niścayī
antargalitasarvāśa śānta kvāpi na sajjate

He who has known for certain that the Lord is the creator of all and that is there is none else here, becomes peaceful with all his inner desires set at rest, and is no longer attached to anything.


āpada sapada kāle daivādeveti niścayī
tpta svasthendriyo nitya na vānchati na śocati

Realising that misfortune and fortune come in their own time through the effects of past actions, one is ever contented, has all senses under control, and neither desires nor grieves.


sukhadukhe janmamtyū daivādeveti niścayī
sādhyādarśī nirāyāsa kurvannapi na lipyate

He who knows for certain that happiness and misery, birth and death are due to the effects of past actions, does not find anything to accomplish, and thus becomes free from care is not attached even though engaged in  action.


cintayā jāyate dukha nānyatheheti niścayī
tayā hīna sukhī śānta sarvatra galitaspha

He who has realized that it is thinking that breeds misery in this world, becomes free from it, and is happy, peaceful and everywhere rid of desires.


nāha deho na me deho bodho’hamiti niścayī
kaivalya iva saprāpto na smaratyakta ktam

Realising, “I am not the body, nor is the body mine. I am awareness”, one attains the supreme state and no longer remembers what he has done or not done.


ābrahmastabaparyanta ahameveti niścayī
nirvikalpa śuci śānta prāptāprāptavinirvta

“I alone exist in everything, from Brahma down a clump of grass”, – he who knows this for certain becomes free from uncertainty, pure, peaceful and free from concerns about what has been attained or not attained.


nāścaryamida viśva na kiciditi niścayī
nirvāsana sphūrtimātro na kicidiva śāmyati

He who realizes that all this varied and wonderful universe is nothing, becomes desireless and Pure Consciousness, and finds peace as if nothing exists.

Ashtavakra Gita.

janaka uvāca

kāyaktyāsaha pūrva tato vāgvistarāsaha
atha cintāsahastasmād evamevāhamāsthita

Janaka said: First of all I became averse to physical activity, then to lengthy speech, and finally to thinking itself. Which is why I am now established.


prītyabhāvena śabdāderadśyatvena cātmana
vikepaikāgrahdaya evamevāhamāsthita

Having no attachment for sound and other sense objects, and the Self not being an object of perception, my mind is freed from distraction and is one pointed. Thus therefore do I firmly abide.


samādhyāsādivikiptau vyavahāra samādhaye
eva vilokya niyama evamevāhamāsthita

An effort has to be made for concentration when there is distraction of mind owing to super imposition etc. Seeing this to be the rule, thus do I firmly abide.


heyopādeyavirahād eva haraviādayo
abhāvādadya he brahmann evamevāhamāsthita

By relinquishing the sense of rejection and acceptance, and having neither Joy nor sorrow, thus, oh wise one, I am now established.


āśramānāśrama dhyāna cittasvīktavarjanam
vikalpa mama vīkyaitairevamevāhamāsthita

Life in a community, then going beyond such a state, meditation, control of mental functions – finding that these cause distractions to me, thus I am now established.


karmānuṣṭhānamajñānād yathaivoparamastathā
budhvā samyagida tattva evamevāhamāsthita

Abandoning action is as much the outcome of ignorance as the performance of action. By fully recognising this truth, thus do I firmly abide


acitya cityamāno’pi cintārūpa bhajatyasau
tyaktvā tadbhāvana tasmād evamevāhamāsthita

Think on the the unthinkable One, one only has recourse to a form of thought. Abandoning such a thought therefore, I am now established.


evameva kta yena sa ktārtho bhavedasau
evameva svabhāvo ya sa ktārtho bhavedasau

He who has achieved this has achieved the goal of life. Blessed is he who is such by nature.

Ashtavakra Gita.

janaka uvāca

akicanabhava svāstha kaupīnatve’pi durlabham
tyāgādāne vihāyāsmādahamāse yathāsukham

Janaka said : The inner freedom which is born of the consciousness that there is nothing but the Self is reare even for one who wears but a loin cloth. Therefore, giving up renunciation and acceptance, I live happily.


kutrāpi kheda kāyasya jihvā kutrāpi khedyate
mana kutrāpi tattyaktvā puruārthe sthita sukham

Sometimes one experiences distress because of one’s body, sometimes because of one’s speech, and sometimes because of one’s mind. Having renounced these, in life’s supreme goal I live happily.


kta kimapi naiva syād iti sacintya tattvata
yadā yatkartumāyāti tat ktvāse yathāsukham

Recognising that nothing whatsoever is really one by the Self, I do whatever presents itself to be done and so I live happily.


karmanaikarmyanirbandhabhāvā dehasthayogina
sayogāyogavirahādahamāse yathāsukham

Yogis, who identify themselves with their bodies, insist upon action or inaction.  But I live as I please in the absence of attachment and rejection.


arthānarthau na me sthityā gatyā na śayanena vā
tiṣṭhan gacchan svapan tasmādahamāse yathāsukham

No gain or loss accrues to me by standing, walking or sleeping. So I live happily whether I stand, walk or sleep.


svapato nāsti me hāni siddhiryatnavato na vā
nāśollāsau vihāyāsmadahamāse yathāsukham

I lose nothing by sleeping and gain nothing by effort, so consequently I live as I please, abandoning loss and success.


sukhādirūpā niyama bhāvevālokya bhūriśa
śubhāśubhe vihāyāsmādahamāse yathāsukham

Observing repeatedly the inconstancy of pleasure and pain under different circumstances, I have renounced good and evil and I live happily.

Ashtavakra Gita.

janaka uvāca

praktyā śūnyacitto ya pramādād bhāvabhāvana
nidrito bodhita iva kīasasmarao hi sa

Janaka said : He verily has his recollections of worldly life exhausted, who is empty minded by bature, who think of sense objects involuntarily and who is, as it were, awake though asleep.


kva dhanāni kva mitrāi kva me viayadasyava
kva śāstra kva ca vijñāna yadā me galitā sp

When desire has melted away, where then are my riches, my friends, robbers in the form of senses, where the scriptures or knowledge?


vijñāte sākipurue paramātmani ceśvare
nairāśye badhamoke ca na citā muktaye mama

Realising my Supreme Self to be the Witness and the Lord, I have become indifferent to both bondage and liberation. I feel no inclination for liberation.


atarvikalpaśūnyasya bahi svacchandacāria
bhrāntasyeva daśāstāstāstādśā eva jānate

The different states of one who within is free of uncertainty, but outwardly wanders about at his own pleasure like an idiot, can only be understood by those like him.