Patanjali Yoga Sutra – Chapter 1 (Part 1)


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1.1 atha yogānuśāsanam

Now, instruction in the discipline of Yoga.


1.2 yoga cittavtti nirodha

Yoga is restraining the thought-streams natural to the mind.


1.3 tadā draṣṭu svarūpe avasthānam
Then the seer dwells in his own nature.


1.4 vtti sārūpyam itaratra
Otherwise he is of the same form as the thought-streams.


1.5 vttaya pañcatayya kliṣṭā akliṣṭā

The thought-streams are five-fold, painful and not painful.


1.6 pramāa viparyaya vikalpa nidrā smtaya

They are correct perception, incorrect perception, imagination, sleep and memory.


1.7 pratyaka anumāna āgamā pramāāni

Right knowledge may be come through direct experience, inference, tradition and genuine cognition.


1.8 viparyayo mithyā-jñānam atad rūpa pratiṣṭha

Wrong knowledge is false, illusory, erroneous beliefs or notions.


1.9 śabda jñānā ‘nupātī vastu-śūnyo vikalpaḥ

Fancy is following after word-knowledge empty of substance.


1.10 abhāva pratyayā ‘labanā vttir nidrā 

Deep sleep is the modification of the mind which has for its substratum nothingness.


1.11 anubhūta viaya asapramoa smti

Memory is not allowing mental impressions to escape.


1.12 abhyāsa vairāgyābhyā tannirodha

These thought-streams are controlled by practice and non-attachment.


 1.13 tatra sthitau yatna abhyāsa

Practice is the effort to secure steadiness.


1.14 sa tu dīrgha kāla nairantarya satkārā ‘ ‘sevito dṛḍhabhūmi

This practice becomes well-grounded when continued with reverent devotion and without interruption over a long period of time.


1.15 dṛṣṭa ānuśravika viaya vitṛṣṇasya vaśīkārasajñā vairāgyam

Desirelessness towards the seen and the unseen gives the consciousness of mastery.


1.16 tatpara puruakhyāte guavaitṛṣṇyam

This is signified by an indifference to the three attributes, due to knowledge of the Indweller.


1.17 vitarka vicāra ānanda asmitārūpa anugamāt saprajñāta

Cognitive meditation is accompanied by reasoning, discrimination, bliss and the sense of ‘I am.’


1.18 virāmapratyaya abhyāsapūrva saskāraśea anya

There is another meditation which is attained by the practice of alert mental suspension until only subtle impressions remain.


1.19 bhavapratyaya videha praktilayānām

For those beings who are formless and for those beings who are merged in unitive consciousness, the world is the cause.


1.20 śraddhā vīrya smti samādhiprajñā pūrvaka itareām

For others, clarity is preceded by faith, energy, memory and equal minded contemplation.


1.21 tīvrasavegānām āsanna

Equalminded contemplation is nearest to those whose desire is most ardent.


1.22 mdu madhya adhimātratvāt tata api viśea

There is further distinction on account of the mild, moderate or intense practice


1.23 Īśvara praidhānāt vā

Or by surrender to God.


1.24 kleśa karma vipāka āśayaiḥ aparāmṛṣṭa puruaviśea Īśvara

God is a particular yet universal indweller, untouched by afflictions, actions, impressions and their results.


1.25 tatra niratiśaya sarvajña bīja

In God, the seed of omniscience is unsurpassed.

 

Patanjali Yoga Sutras Home : Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4

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