Patanjali Yoga Sutra – Chapter 2 (Part 2)

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2.28 yogāgānuṣṭhānād aśuddhi kaye jñāna dīptirā viveka khyāte

On the destruction of impurity by the sustained practice of the limbs of Union, the light of knowledge reveals the faculty of discrimination.

2.29 yama niyamā ‘asana prāāyāma pratyāhāra dhāraā dhyāna samādhayo   ‘ṣṭāv agāni

The eight limbs of Union are self-restraint in actions, fixed observance, posture, regulation of energy, mind-control in sense engagements, concentration, meditation, and realization.

2.30 ahisā satyā ‘steya brahmacaryā ‘parigrahā yamā

Self-restraint in actions includes abstention from violence, from falsehoods, from stealing, from sexual engagements, and from acceptance of gifts.

2.31  jāti deśa kāla samayā ‘navacchinnā sārva bhaumā mahā vrata

These five willing abstentions are not limited by rank, place, time or circumstance and constitute the Great Vow.

2.32 śauca santoa tapa svādhyāye ‘śvara praidhānāni niyamā

The fixed observances are cleanliness, contentment, austerity, study and persevering devotion to God.

2.33 vitarka bādhane pratipaka bhāvana

When improper thoughts disturb the mind, there should be constant pondering over the opposites.

2.34 vitarkā hisādaya kta kāritā ‘numoditā lobha krodha moha pūrvakā
du madhyā ‘dhimātrā dukhā ‘jñānā ‘nanta phalā iti pratipaka bhāvana

Improper thoughts and emotions such as those of violence- whether done, caused to be done, or even approved of- indeed, any thought originating in desire, anger or delusion, whether mild medium or intense- do all result in endless pain and misery. Overcome such distractions by pondering on the opposites.

2.35 ahisā pratiṣṭhāyā tat sanidhau vaira tyāga

When one is confirmed in non-violence, hostility ceases in his presence.

2.36 satya pratiṣṭhāyā kriyā phalā ‘śrayatva

When one is firmly established in speaking truth, the fruits of action become subservient to him.

2.37 asteya pratiṣṭhāyā sarva ratno ‘pasthāna

All jewels approach him who is confirmed in honesty.

2.38 brahmacarya pratiṣṭhāyā vīrya lābha

When one is confirmed in celibacy, spiritual vigor is gained.

2.39 aparigrahasthairye janma kathantā sabodha

When one is confirmed in non-possessiveness, the knowledge of the why and how of existence is attained.

2.40 śaucāt svā ‘ga jugupsā parair asasarga

From purity follows a withdrawal from enchantment over one’s own body as well as a cessation of desire for physical contact with others.

2.41 sattva śuddhi saumanasyai ‘kāgrye ‘ndriya jayā ‘tma darśana yogyatvāni ca

As a result of contentment there is purity of mind, one-pointedness, control of the senses, and fitness for the vision of the self.

2.42 satoād anuttama sukha lābha 

Supreme happiness is gained via contentment.

2.43 kāye ‘ndriya siddhir aśuddhi kayāt tapasa

Through sanctification and the removal of impurities, there arise special powers in the body and senses.

2.44 svādhyāyād iṣṭa devatā saprayoga

By study comes communion with the Lord in the Form most admired.

2.45 samādhi siddhir īśvara praidhānāt

Realization is experienced by making the Lord the motive of all actions.

2.46 sthira sukham āsana 

The posture should be steady and comfortable.

2.47 prayatna śaithilyā ‘nanta samāpattibhyā

In effortless relaxation, dwell mentally on the Endless with utter attention.

2.48 tato dvandvā ‘nabhighāta

From that there is no disturbance from the dualities.

2.49  tasmin sati śvāsa praśvāsayor gati viccheda prāāyāma 

When that exists, control of incoming and outgoing energies is next. 

2.50 bāhyā ‘bhyantara stabhavttir deśa kāla sakhyābhi paridṛṣṭo dīrgha sūkma

It may be external, internal, or midway, regulated by time, place, or number, and of brief or long duration.

2.51 bāhyā ‘bhyantara viayā ‘kepī caturtha

Energy-control which goes beyond the sphere of external and internal is the fourth level- the vital. 

2.52 tata kīyate prakāśā ‘varaa

In this way, that which covers the light is destroyed.

2.53 dhāraāsu ca yogyatā manasa

Thus the mind becomes fit for concentration.

2.54 sva viayāsaprayoge citta svarūpānukāra ive ‘ndriyāā pratyāhāra

When the mind maintains awareness, yet does not mingle with the senses, nor the senses with sense impressions, then self-awareness blossoms.

2.55  tata paramā vaśyate ‘ndriyāā

In this way comes mastery over the senses.


Patanjali Yoga Sutras Home : Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4

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